By Deena Weinstein
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Anthropologists, sociologists, economists, historians, scholars and academicians doing sociological learn, or even businessmen and industrialists can make the most of interpreting this article.
Extra resources for Bureaucratic Opposition. Challenging Abuses at the Workplace
38 BUREAUCRATIC OPPOSITION Now these are the Laws of the Jungle, and many and mighty are they; But the head and the hoof of the Law and the haunch and the hump is - Obey! (5) Experimental studies by Milgram, although questionable in regard to validity, provide evidence about how well the law of obedience is learned. His research indicates that people a r e so willing t o obey authority t h a t they will inflict pain on others simply because they have been told to do so. " (7) The lessons of obedience that are learned in the process of socialization direct people not to question any authority.
Often when the goal of the organization is "service," clients are regarded as means to profits or as excuses for further government funding. Customers of production organizations a r e similarly viewed as means to profits, as is evidenced by much advertising. An e x t r e m e case of the t r e a t m e n t of people as means to an organizational end is provided by various governmental bureaucracies, such as intelligence agencies, for which the goal is a reified public good. " (48) Other FBI v e n d e t t a s against persons from all sectors of the political spectrum have come to light, indicating gross violation of the categorical i m p e r a t i v e .
For example, a chairperson may require t h a t faculty a t t e n d d e p a r t m e n t a l meetings, m e e t their assigned classes, and turn in grades on t i m e . These demands are within the chairperson's rights, because they m a t c h the explicit duties of each faculty member. However, a chairperson who uses d e p a r t m e n t a l funds to purchase equipment for private use, indulgently forces s e c r e t a r i e s to witness abusive t e m p e r t a n t r u m s , or insists t h a t faculty host d e p a r t m e n t a l social events at their own expense abuses authority and violates t h e rules.
Bureaucratic Opposition. Challenging Abuses at the Workplace by Deena Weinstein