By Tim Cornell, Dr Kathryn Lomas, Visit Amazon's Kathryn Lomas Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Kathryn Lomas,
Towns within the historic international depended on deepest generosity to supply many simple facilities, in addition to awaiting top electorate to pay for 'bread and circuses' - unfastened foodstuff and public leisure. This number of essays by way of best students from the united kingdom and united states explores the $64000 phenomenon of benefaction and public patronage in Roman Italy. starting from the past due republican interval to the later Roman Empire, the contributions hide quite a lot of subject matters, together with the effect of benefactions and benefactors at the city improvement of Roman Italy, on cultural and financial task, and at the altering function of video games and gala's in Roman society. additionally they discover the connection among groups and their benefactors, no matter if those have been neighborhood notables, senators, or the emperor himself, and look at how the character of benefaction replaced less than the Empire.
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22 The Roman law of lending makes it clear that the provision of loans to those who need them has to be seen as part of the institution of amicitia, not of a system of banking. There was no such system: the absence at Rome of bottomry loans for maritime trade, of the kind that had been developed in fourth-century BC Athens, has often been remarked on. g. for those shipping grain to Rome; but this was done without recourse to a banking system (Sirks 1991). What about the provision of finance for enterprises on an even greater scale, such as the construction of roads and aqueducts?
Abandonment or decrepitude of buildings was regarded as unacceptable, as derelict structures were thought to affect the appearance and general dignity and reputation of a city (Dig. 11). One of the specified functions of the curatores rei publicae was a responsibility for ensuring that derelict houses and buildings were rebuilt (Dig. 1). Clearly, the integrity of the physical fabric of a city was an important issue, which was expected to be of concern to the city’s magistrates, and any decrepitude or lack of embellishment was believed to reflect adversely on the status of the community.
The impetus behind this apparent change in the conceptualisation of what a city should be is difficult to define, but examination of euergetic behaviour may provide some way into the problem. The change broadly coincides with the beginnings of a shift from publicly-funded building projects controlled by civic magistrates to a greater degree of privately-funded buildings. It is notable that theatres and other structures connected with leisure and entertainment were the types of building which were most frequently paid for as an act of private benefaction (Jouffroy 1986: 96–108; Cébeillac-Gervasioni 1998: 128–33).
Bread and Circuses: Euergetism and Municipal Patronage in Roman Italy by Tim Cornell, Dr Kathryn Lomas, Visit Amazon's Kathryn Lomas Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Kathryn Lomas,