By Ase Gornitzka, Liv Langfeldt
Approaches of information creation and dissemination are more and more set in a global context. In examine and better schooling the hyperlinks among neighborhood actors and the overseas environments are either proliferating and intensifying. person point self-organised overseas collaboration is more and more supplemented through nationwide and supranational organised actions, and via marketplace orientated task with a world scope. ranging from those observations, this e-book analyses styles of internationalisation comprising the nationwide and supranational point, the extent of upper schooling associations and personal businesses, in addition to the extent of person researchers and graduates. As a laboratory for learning internationalisation the booklet makes use of the case of Norway, a small wisdom procedure set in an open society, political process and economic climate. The case bargains highly stable information at the advancements in its learn and better schooling method that list adjustments through the years and around the diversified components and degrees of a countrywide wisdom process
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Extra resources for Borderless Knowledge: Understanding the ''new'' internationalisation of research and higher education in Norway
In this section, the focus is on the development concerning internationalisation of Norwegian science based on bibliometric analyses. The development will be investigated at an overall national level, at the level of sectors, universities and university faculties in Norway. The basis for the bibliometric analyses is the National Citation Report (NCR) for Norway provided by Thomson ISI. This database contains bibliometric data on individual articles for Norway (that is, publications with at least one Norwegian author address), and data for the period 1981–2004 is analysed.
Worldwide, only 17 per cent of all publications are now internationally co-authored (National Science Board 2002). Nevertheless, several countries have been shown to have a higher proportion of internationally coauthored papers than Norway. In a study by Gl¨anzel (2001), based on 1995/96 data, Norway ranks twentieth of a total of fifty nations. Although most of the countries with a higher proportion international co-authorship are rather small scientific nations, there are a few other West-European countries ahead of Norway, among these Portugal, Switzerland, Belgium, and Denmark.
Generally, nations with large scientific communities have far more collaborative articles than smaller countries (Luukkonen et al. g. Luukkonen et al. 1992; National Science Board 2002). Hence, international collaboration is relatively more important in smaller countries. This is probably a consequence of researchers from small countries often having to look abroad for colleagues and partners within their own speciality. Small scientific budgets, the need for cost-sharing, and access to facilities abroad are other reasons.
Borderless Knowledge: Understanding the ''new'' internationalisation of research and higher education in Norway by Ase Gornitzka, Liv Langfeldt