By John P Bowes
The removing of Black Hawk and his band of Sauk and Fox indians basically opened a lot of what was once then the Northwest Territory of the us to white payment. This paintings unearths how the Black Hawk conflict culminated in a last conflict at undesirable awl River in Wisconsin that was once so brutal that many neighborhood tribes fled to the West.
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Additional resources for Black Hawk and the War of 1832: Removal in the North (Landmark Events in Native American History)
Its lodges held several thousand Sauks in the early 1800s, and they beneﬁted from the rich environment of the region. The women of the village tended nearly 800 acres of ﬁelds that included corn, beans, and squash. The ﬁsh from the Rock River provided further sustenance. The men would hunt on the western prairies in the summer months and return for the harvest in the fall, and during the winter, the Sauks would leave their village and spend the next several months in smaller hunting groups. Then when the ground thawed and winter waned, they would return to their village on the Rock River and begin their cycle anew.
Street assumed his new position at the head of the Winnebago Indian Agency at Prairie du Chien. At this time, tensions were rising because of the encroachment of American settlers on Ho-Chunk, or Winnebago, lands in the lead mining region. The following excerpts come from a letter that Street wrote to Governor Ninian Edwards of Illinois. The Indians had been soured by the conduct of the vast number of adventurers ﬂocking to and working the lead mines of Fever River. Those who went by land, by far the greater part, passed through the Winnebago country.
Nevertheless, Black Hawk and a signiﬁcant number of Sauks continued to believe that they could and should live at Saukenuk. In the spring of 1830, they returned and broke ground on the sections of land that had not been sold the previous fall. Unsuccessful hunts had made for a tough winter, and the American settlers at Saukenuk further hindered the Indians’ ability to obtain the necessities of life. However, the Sauks refused to concede to the wishes of all who told them to leave. During the course of 1830, Black Hawk traveled throughout the Great Lakes region seeking advice.
Black Hawk and the War of 1832: Removal in the North (Landmark Events in Native American History) by John P Bowes