By Brenda J. Baker, Lisa Kealhofer
“An vital addition to the starting to be literature on American Indian-Eropean touch in North the USA, providing clean views at the variability of local societies’ responses to contact.” –from the Foreword, via Jerald T. Milanich, Florida Museum of average History
“The merely contemporary quantity that explicitly concentrates on biocultural touch results in accordance with bioarchaeology, paleopathology, and ethnohistory…and [the just one] to emphasize so strongly that greater than illness results have been considering the depopulation of local Americans.” –Rebecca Storey, college of Houston
Most researchers of the ecu payment of North the USA suppose that local American populations have been decimated exclusively and uniformly by means of brought illness. those authors problem that assumption, demonstrating that local American societies answered to ecu encroachment in advanced and sundry methods. They draw on info from inhabitants case reports in what's now the southern usa to set up convincingly that archaeological and bioanthropological study are strong instruments for cultural interpretation.
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Extra resources for Bioarchaeology of Native Americans in the Spanish Borderlands (Ripley P. Bullen Series)
73 percent per annum. Clearly, no constant depopulation ratio or rate can be derived over different time spans and among disparate populations ranging from the Amazon to the Andes and central Mexico to California. Dobyns (1966, 412-14) makes no attempt to control for the length of time from contact to nadir, ranging from 12 to 140 years for the groups he discusses. , settlement and subsistence patterns, sociopolitical organization) affect them. Furthermore, uniform rates of morbidity and mortality are assumed in subsequent epidemics, despite previous exposure to the pathogen Page 4 (cf.
Page 8 Chapter 4 is a review by Lisa Kealhofer of archaeological and historical evidence for demographic collapse in the Canalino and Central Valley areas of California. Kealhofer suggests that the Spanish agenda constrained the adaptive choices available to indigenous societies, leading to a reorganization of social roles and values that eventually affected a group's biological response. Her analysis of published demographic and skeletal biological data highlights the diversity of aboriginal cultural and biological responses to contact, and she emphasizes the importance of local cultural and environmental variables for understanding a culture's response to both direct and indirect contact.
Schnell (1981). Fort Center: An Archaeological Site in the Lake Okeechobee Basin, by William H. Sears, with contributions by Elsie O'R. Sears and Karl T. Steinen (1982). Perspectives on Gulf Coast Prehistory, edited by Dave D. Davis (1984). Archaeology of Aboriginal Culture Change in the Interior Southeast: Depopulation during the Early Historic Period, by Marvin T. Smith (1987). Apalachee: The Land between the Rivers, by John H. Hann (1988). Key Marco's Buried Treasure: Archaeology and Adventure in the Nineteenth Century, by Marion Spjut Gilliland (1989).
Bioarchaeology of Native Americans in the Spanish Borderlands (Ripley P. Bullen Series) by Brenda J. Baker, Lisa Kealhofer