By Mary T. Phillips
This quantity grew out of a venture to behavior a survey of the medical literature of the us for goods addressing the e. thical and humane problems with animal experimentation. the unique function of the survey was once to supply packground details for the advance of a suite of consultant traces for using animals in examine then in training by way of the hot York Academy of Sciences' advert Hoc Committee on Animal learn. ! We quickly learned, although, that the survey constituted a priceless source in its personal correct. during this booklet we current the result of the literature survey in addition to suitable information regarding its legislative and ancient con textual content. we are hoping that this fabric might be precious to biomedical researchers grappling with animal welfare difficulties in addition to to social scientists attracted to tracing the evolution of the 20th-century section of the animal study controversy. The time span coated via the survey was once chosen to compare the 20-year interval among the passage of the 1st federal Animal Welfare Act in 1966 and the latest laws regulating animal learn, which took influence in the course of 1986. Our research examines this transitional interval during the pages of the clinical literature. in the course of those 2 a long time, animal re seek within the usa was once remodeled. Activist animal safeguard enterprises catapulted complex moral inquiries to nationwide promenade inence, throwing the clinical community2 into turmoil.
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Additional info for Animal Research and Ethical Conflict: An Analysis of the Scientific Literature: 1966–1986
The act regulated some additional species (nonhuman primates, guinea pigs, hamsters, and rabbits), but this was a moot point for facilities that were exempt because they used neither dogs nor cats. The exclusion of rats and mice-the most frequently used species in research facilities-from the act's protection further reduced its applicability. The legislators who drafted the 1966 Animal Welfare Act apparently never intended to consider the purposes for which the animals were used in research or the treatment they received in experimental procedures.
The American Context with legislative force behind it. The policy is intended to be broad without being ambiguous, specific without being restrictive. Under an "Animal Welfare Assurance," it also, for the first time, places on both the institution and the investigator the responsibility for the humane treatment of laboratory animals and for the ethical conditions under which the experiments are carried out. Whether or not the new American approach to regulation of animal research will be given a chance to work depends to a great extent on the attitudes of the researchers themselves.
Because of the changes in the Animal Welfare Act enacted in 1970, most research facilities in the United States that use regulated species must comply with these requirements. ) By the end of 1986, a total of 1,241 research facilities had registered with APHIS as using animals covered by the actY The provisions Current American Regulations 25 of the Animal Welfare Act are applied through the PHS Policy, which requires that all institutions conform not only with the policy, but also with the Animal Welfare Act.
Animal Research and Ethical Conflict: An Analysis of the Scientific Literature: 1966–1986 by Mary T. Phillips