By Herbert Marcuse
During this concise and startling publication, the writer of One-Dimensional Man argues that the time for utopian hypothesis has come. Marcuse argues that the normal conceptions of human freedom were rendered out of date through the improvement of complicated commercial society. Social thought can now not content material itself with repeating the formulation, “from each one in response to his skill, to every in accordance with his needs,” yet needs to now examine the character of human wishes themselves. Marcuse's declare is that whether creation have been managed and decided via the staff, society could nonetheless be repressive—unless the staff themselves had the wishes and aspirations of loose males. starting from philosophical anthropology to aesthetics An Essay on Liberation makes an attempt to outline—in a hugely speculative and tentative fashion—the new chances for human liberation.
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Extra info for An Essay on Liberation
3. In such cases, the preferences of the élite regularly prevail (Dahl, 1971, p. 359). Dahl's stipulations may be seen as rules for seeing power structures as being either plural or élite, so that we might enquire what sort of grounds there are, according to these requirements, which would support the existence of a well defined group, whose preferences regularly prevail on a 'fair sample of cases involving key political decisions' (Dahl, 1971, p. 359). What rules would we use for seeing what a 'fair sample of cases' or a 'key political decision' looked like, on which a preference of a ruling élite might be said to prevail?
But, any such proposed ground would still leave its own grounding as a topic for questioning. The possibility of such questioning as a performance would be infinite. Each questioning would occasion its own questioning. Each questioning, however, would be a further move in some language game, one which would surely lose its point if its purpose seemed merely to show the impossibility of closure. Where the possibility of the language game resided instead in something with point and purpose oriented towards an understanding of some aspect of our everyday life, then a means of avoiding the infinite regress, and of approaching rationality, would present itself.
Such criteria, which in community power studies have been lacking, represent an achieved consensus within the specific tradition(s). What we would appear to have here is such a lack of agreement among power study practitioners of what power is, and how it ought to be studied, and how such studies ought to be interpreted. What this would seem to imply for power studies is that the 'truth' about power is not to be regarded as correspondence with what is the case, but rather conformity with agreed standards held in a particular community.
An Essay on Liberation by Herbert Marcuse