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By Rahel Jaeggi

The Hegelian-Marxist thought of alienation fell out of style throughout the post-metaphysical rejection of humanism and essentialist perspectives of human nature. during this publication Jaeggi attracts on phenomenological analyses grounded in smooth conceptions of enterprise, in addition to contemporary paintings within the analytical culture, to reconceive of alienation because the absence of a significant dating to oneself and others, which manifests itself in emotions of helplessness and the despondent attractiveness of ossified social roles and expectations.

A revived method of alienation is helping severe social idea have interaction with phenomena, reminiscent of meaninglessness, isolation, and indifference, that have vast implications for problems with justice. through severing alienation's hyperlink to a complex belief of human essence whereas keeping its social-philosophical content material, Jaeggi presents assets for a renewed critique of social pathologies, a much-neglected challenge in modern liberal political philosophy. Her paintings revisits the arguments of Rousseau, Hegel, Kierkegaard, and Heidegger, putting them in discussion with Thomas Nagel, Bernard Williams, and Charles Taylor.

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Extra resources for Alienation (New Directions in Critical Theory)

Sample text

And it would also be a misunderstanding to think, for example, that the hammer exists ready-to-hand only when I use it and that when it lies in the corner it becomes merely present-at-hand. ) A view that understands something ready-to-hand as something present-athand and that conceives of the world as a collection of the present-at-hand is false or, more precisely, reifying. And one can read Being and Time, as well as Heidegger’s later work, as an attempt to criticize this very consequential misapprehension.

First, the contrast between appropriation and alienness posits a connection between two problems that is far from obvious: the loss of meaning, the impoverishment and meaninglessness of the world, on the one hand, and impotence, or powerlessness in relation to the world, on the other. Second, in this central text we can see the specific twist Marx gives to the problem of a relationlessness between human being and world: the scandal of alienation is that it is alienation from something the self has made.

18 Here, with his central thesis of the “universality of the commodity form” as the distinctive feature of modern society, the theory of reification became a theory of modern capitalist society in all its manifestations. The influence of Max Weber’s theory of rationalization and Georg Simmel’s diagnosis of objectification (Versachlichung) led Lukács to a view slightly different from Marx’s that regarded as salient the phenomena of indifference, objectification, quantification, and abstraction, which, with the spread of the capitalist market economy, come to characterize all relations and forms of expression of modern bourgeois society.

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Alienation (New Directions in Critical Theory) by Rahel Jaeggi

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