By Yifrah Kaminer
`[This] quantity offers a distinct and beneficial viewpoint to the trainees and practitioners within the adolescent substance abuse box. It deals a worldly point of view on habit remedy thoughts built in recent times, with a sensitivity to the social and developmental wishes of the adolescent.'
Marc Galanter, from the Foreword.
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Extra info for Adolescent Substance Abuse: A Comprehensive Guide to Theory and Practice
2). 6% among 8th graders. 6. Phencyclidine (PCP) This drug is a hallucinogen, the use of which is infrequently reported by seniors. However, a mild increase in annual and 30-day use since 1990 warrants continuous monitoring of its use. 7. Stimulants Adjusted This category excludes the inappropriate reporting of nonprescription stimulants, crystal methamphetamine ("ice"), and doctor-prescribed stimulants. A steady decline in all trends in prevalence was reported. Since 1982, females have shown slightly higher or equivalent rates of stimulant use, due to their more frequent use of amphetamines for the purpose of weight loss.
Investigators from various fields, such as molecular and clinical genetics, pathophysiology, and neuropsychopharmacology, as weIl as psychopathology and sociobehavioral science, have participated in efforts to improve understanding of the etiology and pathogenesis of PSUDs. There are distinct advantages in taking a broad-spectrum approach to this endeavor, since doing so favors the widely accepted multifactorial paradigm of addiction (Nathan, 1990). However, it is important to acknowledge the likelihood that each factor carries a different etiological and/or pathogenetic relative weight.
2) Adopted-away COAs constituted the population for a second research method. (3) Genetic markers associated with alcoholism or other PSUDs or both have been sought, especially in high-risk populations (particularly in COAs). 1. Studies of Twins Research has suggested that individuals differ in their susceptibility to alcoholism. There is strong supporting evidence for a genetic influence in alcoholism from animal research (Li, Lumeg, McBride, & Murphy, 1987) and from human studies (Cadoret, O'Gorman, Troughton, & Heywood, 1986).
Adolescent Substance Abuse: A Comprehensive Guide to Theory and Practice by Yifrah Kaminer