By T. C. Smout
The 1st glossy heritage of Scottish woodlands, this hugely illustrated quantity explores the altering dating among timber and folks from the time of Scotland's first payment, concentrating on the interval 1500 to 1920. Drawing on paintings in common technological know-how, geography and heritage, in addition to at the authors' personal learn, it offers an available and readable account that balances social, fiscal and environmental elements. starting chapters describe the early historical past of the woodlands. The booklet is then divided into chapters that give some thought to conventional makes use of and administration, the influence of outsiders at the pine woods and the oakwoods within the first part of exploitation, and the impact of industrialization. Separate chapters are dedicated to case reviews of administration at Strathcarron, Glenorchy, Rothiemurchus, and on Skye. (10/1/05)
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Additional info for A History of the Native Woodlands of Scotland, 1500-1920
Around 2000–1850 bc there was a quite widespread, almost synchronous, increase in the number of such places both in the lowlands and uplands: they appear to have been quite small in scale, perhaps around discrete farmsteads or groups of hut circles, but also to have persisted for hundreds of years. 31 It was accompanied in some places by quite serious soil erosion, analogous, perhaps, to what happened in New Zealand and Australia on the arrival of white farmers in the nineteenth century. 29 30 31 R.
4. Extractive use: woodland becomes moor or arable If a wood is destroyed by overgrazing, felling or burning, and no attempt is made to permit its regeneration, its management is obviously not sustainable. This can also occur in different ways: (a) When a wood is allowed to decay standing, and grazing pressure prevents its natural regeneration before it finally collapses. In this case the unsustainability of its management may not be evident for generations, and indeed it could be brought back from the brink of extinction after a century or more of neglect, providing a few seed trees continue to bear and the ground cover permits their germination.
30 The shift from the wildwood to the semi-natural wood is marked by several changes – eradication or severe diminution of the original girdles of scrub; reductions in the diversity of species among the trees; alterations in the age structure and character of trees of the same species; a general reduction in biodiversity among the vertebrate and invertebrate fauna, and among the flora, of the wood. It becomes somewhat less ‘authentic’, probably less varied; to the human eye, less disorderly. In the Scottish context the wood is likely to become less mobile, upland birch and pine less able to move from one stance in the enfolding open ground to another, Lowland broadleaf woods confined within enclosures among cultivated 29 30 A.
A History of the Native Woodlands of Scotland, 1500-1920 by T. C. Smout