By Philomena Dol
Maybrat is a Papuan language that is spoken within the primary quarter of the Bird's Head Peninsula , Papua Province , Indonesia . although it truly is one of many better neighborhood languages in Papua Province when it comes to numbers of audio system, a finished grammar in this language has hitherto no longer been published.
This booklet goals to provide an summary of the phonology, morphology and sy n tax of the Maybrat language because it is spoken through the folk of Ayawasi. preferably, this paintings can be utilized as a reference grammar: it provides information regarding an important structural and typological facets of Maybrat. With this in brain, the grammar is filled with illustrative examples focused round contrasts in shape and which means, that are mentioned within the textual content.
Read or Download A Grammar of Maybrat: A Language of the Bird’s Head Peninsula, Papua Province, Indonesia PDF
Best social sciences books
Those instructions were released to help nationwide laboratories and different suitable clinical associations in acquiring, swiftly, the reference criteria that they require. They handle one of the most often encountered problems
Publication via Joseph, Roger, Joseph, Terri B.
Poweful Symbolism defined for the main inquisitive Masons.
Primitive cash: In its Ethnological, historic and fiscal points: moment variation, Revised and Enlarged bargains with the research of the position of cash some time past and in chosen areas of the realm. this feature is split into 3 sections, distinctive as publication I, ebook II, and booklet III.
Book I discusses the ethnology of cash extending again to greater than 5,000 years in the past, to the darkish age whilst now not a lot written proof existed, and to modern a variety of groups scattered world wide. The textual content covers the areas of Oceania, Asia, Africa, and the Americas. booklet II seems to be into the old point of cash, from the traditional interval comprising prehistoric currencies comparable to instruments and adorns, to the Medieval interval, after which to fashionable occasions. booklet III is the theoretical part that makes an attempt to outline primitive cash, its services, and its perceived worth. This publication applies whatever glossy whilst it discusses primitive financial coverage, reminiscent of lively and passive attitudes of the nation, restrictionist coverage, stabilizationist coverage, and expansionist financial coverage. This part additionally discusses the philosophy of primitive funds, and its fiscal and historic roles. The swap from primitive to trendy cash is tested, and the longer term clients comparable to the continuance or redemption of primitive cash is mentioned.
Anthropologists, sociologists, economists, historians, scholars and academicians doing sociological examine, or even businessmen and industrialists can reap the benefits of examining this article.
Extra resources for A Grammar of Maybrat: A Language of the Bird’s Head Peninsula, Papua Province, Indonesia
36) /te/ /´te/ [te] [´»te] CV V|CV ‘below’ /naf/ /´naf/ [naf] [´»naf] CVC V|CVC ‘sprout’ /tia/ /´tia/ [»tija] [´ti»ja] CV|V V|CV|V ‘how much’ The epenthetic schwa assimilates to a following vowel: schwa is fronted and raised preceding /i/, as in example (37); rounded and lowered preceding the semivowel /w/ (38), and rounded fronted and raised preceding /wi/ (39). 1 for stress assignment in these forms. 38 Chapter 2 It could be argued that the first syllable in the forms above is a phonemic vowel, that is */titie/; */mowau/; */tuwian/ and so on.
A winding track) ‘my bone’ ‘I meet’ /n/ /atu/ /anu/ /tata/ /tana/ /ait/ /ain/ /tet/ /ten/ ‘mountain’ ‘you (P)’ ‘I drink’ ‘my head’ ‘he’ ‘drum’ ‘rattan bridge’ ‘enemy’ /r/ /tefo/ /refo/ /tatu/ /taru/ /put/ /pur/ ‘here’ ‘this’ ‘I pull out’ ‘I pay’ ‘leech’ ‘wasp, bee’ Saman ati (ati ‘real’) is Vatica rassak. 25 26 /k/ /m/ Chapter 2 vs. vs. /s/ /tuo/ /suo/ /tau/ /sau/ /sato/ /saso/ /tatia/ /tasia/ /mat/ /mas/ ‘I’ ‘faeces’ ‘my lung’ ‘one’ ‘island’ ‘they search’ ‘my father’ ‘my heart’ ‘five’ ‘it is swollen’ /w/ /tia/ /wia/ /tata/ /wata/ /xawe/ /tawe/ ‘I suck’ ‘frog’ ‘I drink’ ‘fishtrap’ ‘they refuse’ ‘I fall’ /x/ /mkai/ /mxai/ ‘they find’ ‘they die’ /y/ /akox/ /ayox/ ‘turtle’ ‘sky’ /n/ /manes/ /nanes/ /smi/ /sni/ /tama/ /tana/ /maom/ /maon/ /masim/ /masin/ ‘they are old’ ‘you are old’ ‘dream’ ‘they are paralysed’ ‘I come’ ‘my head’ ‘outside’ ‘it is sharp’ ‘they sell’ ‘her rib’ /f/ /mrok/ /frok/ /remo/ /refo/ /maum/ /mauf/ ‘they are startled’ ‘they emerge’ ‘village’ ‘this’ ‘border’ ‘contents’ /r/ /mefo/ /refo/ /maim/ /mair/ ‘here (PRESTT)’ ‘this’ ‘wing’ ‘beginning’ /w/ /mata/ /wata/ ‘they drink’ ‘fishtrap’ Phonology /n/ vs.
3 The phonemes /y/ and /w/ The segments [j] and [w] can be analysed as consonantal phonemes /y/ and /w/ respectively, or as allophones of the vowel phonemes /i/ and /u/. The reasons for analysing these segments as consonantal phonemes are as follows:20 firstly, in word-initial position, 20 An analysis in which [j] and [w] are allophones of /i/ and /u/ is given by Brown (1991), who did his fieldwork in Ayamaru. He bases his argument on distinctive stress patterns. He argues that in unstressed positions, the non-consonatal segments /i/ and /u/ can be realised as [y] (corresponding to [j] in the present description) and [w] respectively.
A Grammar of Maybrat: A Language of the Bird’s Head Peninsula, Papua Province, Indonesia by Philomena Dol