Download A Dictionary of Human Rights by D. Robertson PDF

By D. Robertson

ISBN-10: 1857430239

ISBN-13: 9781857430233

This e-book bargains a accomplished consultant to records and companies that are interested in the problems of human rights. It contains updated definitions and brief essays approximately all of the three hundred entries. The entries are prepared alphabetically, cross-referenced, and divided into nearby and nationwide changes. reasons of the criminal components and implications also are incorporated. The e-book lists enterprises that are fascinated by human rights, together with Amnesty overseas, ecu fee on Human Rights and Conseil d'Etat. It additionally lists quite a few extracts from records written approximately human rights, together with the "Bill of Rights 1688", the "European Social constitution" and the "Convention opposed to Torture". The booklet discusses the fundamental rules of rights and liberties, and the function of conventions, declarations, courts, tribunals and criminal platforms upholding them. It offers concise outlines of the final positons on human rights for all top built nations. it's going to be priceless to public and educational libraries, scholars, lecturers, newshounds and any association or person with an curiosity in human rights concerns.

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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Human Rights

Sample text

The general duties of the CRE are to work for the elimination of racial discrimination and to promote equality of opportunity for racial minorities and good relations between racial groups generally. It can issue codes of practice for attaining equal opportunities in employment and housing, and although these codes do not have direct legislative effect, they are taken into account by the courts when dealing with cases arising under the 1976 Act. Perhaps the most important aspect of the CRE’s work is one that sounds fairly innocuous, the carrying out of formal investigations.

Where, as is common in Europe, something like the examining magistrate system applies, and the trial system is less accusatorial, it is less important that the suspect is warned against speaking in such a way which might harm his defence. The traditional caution in the United Kingdom, based on the protections in the judge’s rules has been modified since the Criminal Justice Act 1994 in line with the limited incursions made by that Act into the right to silence. After the warning that there is no need to say anything, a second warning is given to the effect that it may damage a suspect’s case if he relies in court on something he does not say to the police beforehand.

This ruling was upheld by the Supreme Court in the most significant decision after Brown, Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education in 1971. The policy was enormously unpopular, particularly in the north which had been able to accept de jure desegregation mainly because their racial imbalances were not threatened. It was unpopular with some blacks as well, because the plans tended to involve more black children having to travel than was the case with whites. At one stage opposition to the policy of busing by the Republican administration of President Richard Nixon made the issue even more intensely political, but little change has been made to the policy until very recently, when there have been some signs of the Supreme Court being ready to relax the rules on enforced desegregation.

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A Dictionary of Human Rights by D. Robertson

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