By Caryl Rae Krannich
Each one mystery during this vital e-book is an easy-to-understand tip for offering higher speeches.
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Additional resources for 101 Secrets of Highly Effective Speakers: Controlling Fear, Commanding Attention
Three main points are plenty for Page 30 most speeches. Each one of the main points must be developed with supporting materials and to develop your ideas fully will take time. Take, for example, a ten minute speech in which you plan to present three main points. If you spend 1 minute each on your introduction and conclusion, you only have just over 2 1/2 minutes to develop each of your three points. That is bare bones. Those bones need flesh, and developing that fleshthe subject of the next few secretstakes time and a variety of supports such as quotations, statistics, examples, and comparisons to develop.
Thus she decides to spend time near the beginning of her speech building common ground with her audience. She anticipates as many of their objections as she can and builds her speech from areas of agreement to controversial areas she cannot ignore. In short, she does everything right: she prepares early; plans to be effective; and analyzes the audience, which includes their perceptions of her as speaker, and the situation. The night before she is scheduled to fly to Alaska, and eventually to Valdez where she is to present her talk, she retires early in order to be rested for the day ahead.
D. IMPACT PUBLICATIONS Manassas Park, VA Page iv Copyright © 1998 by Caryl Rae Krannich All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission of the publisher: IMPACT PUBLICATIONS, 9104-N Manassas Drive, Manassas Park, VA 20111, Tel. 703/361-7300. cm. Includes index. 5´1dc21 98-10594 CIP Page v Contents Dedication x Introduction xi Before You Begin 1 Facing the #1 Fear 1 101 Secrets Revealed 2 Common Myths of Making Presentations 4 Your Presentation Comfort Quotient 5 Plan To Exceed Expectations 8 1 Prepare Early 8 2 Plan to Be Effective 10 3 Determine Your Goal 12 4 Analyze the Audience 14 5 Consider the Situation 18 6 Highlight Your Strengths 20 7 Minimize Your Weaknesses 20 8 Sleuth the Rest of the Program 23 Build Your BodyYour Speech Body 25 9 Gather Information 25 10 Limit Your Time 26 Page vi 11 Limit Your Focus 27 12 Develop the Speech Body First 27 13 Determine Your Main Points 28 14 Use Supporting Materials Liberally: Build Credibility 30 15 Use Quotations/Testimony 31 16 Use Statistics 33 17 Use Examples 35 18 Tell Stories 36 19 Use Comparison & Contrasts 38 20 Demonstrate 40 21 Define Unfamiliar Terms 40 22 Use Visual Aids Effectively 42 23 Restate Ideas in a Variety of Ways 47 24 Organize Ideas For Easy Understanding 47 25 Put Your Ideas in Sequential Order 48 26 Put Your Ideas in Spatial Order 49 27 Organize Your Ideas By Category 50 28 Discuss a Problem and Its Solution 50 29 Provide Listeners a Statement of Reasons 51 30 Provide Listeners With Comparative Advantages 52 31 Use the Criteria-Satisfaction Method 53 32 Use the Negative Method 54 Command AttentionYour Introduction Sets the Tone 55 33 Refer to the Subject or Occasion 56 34 Begin With a Powerful Quotation 56 35 Ask a Rhetorical Question 57 36 Make a Startling Statement 58 37 Keep Listeners in Suspense 60 38 Engage Listeners With a Vivid Illustration 61 39 Hit Listeners With a Humorous Anecdote 63 40 Orient Your Listeners 65 41 Build Rapport 66 42 Provide Explicit Motivation 69 43 Establish Credibility 70 Page vii Close With Power 74 44 Summarize Your Main Points 75 45 Refer to the Subject or Occasion 76 46 End With a Powerful Quotation 76 47 Ask a Rhetorical Question 77 48 Make a Startling Statement 77 49 Leave Listeners With a Vivid Illustration 77 50 Leave Listeners With a Humorous Anecdote 77 51 Issue a Challenge or Appeal 78 52 Keep a Second Closing in Reserve 78 Prepare Like a Pro 80 53 Check the Speaking Environment Prior to Your Presentation 80 54 Change Environmental Elements to Fit Your Style and Goal 82 55 Prepare Your "Introducer" With an Introduction 83 56 Select a Title That's a Hit 84 57 Use the 3-Minute Prep For Unexpected Speeches 86 58 Determine Your Delivery Method 87 59 Prepare Notes (Extemporaneous) 91 60 Prepare a Manuscript (Manuscript or Memorized) 95 61 Time Your Speech 96 62 Edit, Edit, Edit 97 63 Anticipate Questions From the Audience 97 64 Have Questions Ready to "Throw in the Ring" 98 Control Fear 100 65 Solid Preparation Is Your Best Defense 101 66 Be Totally Familiar With Your Introduction 102 67 Practice Out Loud-Often 103 68 Record Your Speech 105 69 Practice Mentally 105 70 Focus On IdeasNot Exact Phrases 106 71 Concentrate On Your Message Rather Than On Yourself 107 Page viii 72 Nervousness Connects You to the Human Race 108 73 Remember: You Appear Much More Confident Than You Feel 109 74 Breathe Deeply From Your Diaphragm 110 75 Channel Your Adrenaline 111 76 Dress For the Occasion: Dress to Build Confidence 111 77 "Psych" Yourself Into Readiness 114 Command Attention: Your Demeanor Conveys Authority 116 78 Approach the Lectern With Confidence 117 79 Get Set Before You Speak 118 80 Stand Erect Behind the Lectern 119 81 Distribute Your Weight Evenly on Both Feet 120 82 Project Your Voice: Speak With Authority 120 83 Convey Dynamism 122 84 Conclude; Then Leave the Lectern With Confidence 122 Sharpen Your Delivery 124 85 Speak Clearly 125 86 Vary Your Pace: Pace For Your Listeners 126 87 Pause Often 127 88 Limit Use of Vocalized Pauses & Fillers 129 89 Vary Your Inflection 131 90 Look At Everyone Frequently 132 91 Use Movement to Maintain Attention 133 92 Use Natural Gestures to Generate Interest 134 93 Talk With Your ListenersNot At Them 135 94 Hide Your "Errors" 136 95 Leave Playthings At Your Seat 137 96 Use a Microphone Effectively, But Use It Sparingly 138 Page ix Respond to Your Audience 141 97 Communicate Your Enthusiasm As Well As Your Ideas: Use Audience Feedback 142 98 Be YourselfYour Best Self 143 And In Conclusion 144 99 Keep a File of Stories and Quotations 144 100 Seek & Accept Opportunities to Speak 145 101 Practice Makes PerfectAn Adage Gone Wrong 145 Appendix 148 9 Secrets to Command Attention 148 10 Secrets to Control Fear 149 11 Secrets to Build Credibility 150 10 Secrets to Prepare Like a Pro 151 8 Secrets to Close With Power 152 10 Secrets to Sharpen Your Delivery 153 Index 155 Author 158 Page x Dedicated to the many people in my life who mentored my accomplishments or encouraged their completion To my mother, Marjorie Woodring, who made educa- tion both important and possible.
101 Secrets of Highly Effective Speakers: Controlling Fear, Commanding Attention by Caryl Rae Krannich